Facts of Fertility Treatments for Men jalandhar,Secondary Infertility Treatment Punjab


What is Infertility?

Infertility is the inability to conceive after a year of unprotected intercourse in women under 35, or after six months in women over 35, or the inability to carry a pregnancy to term.

What is conception?

During coitus between a male and female, the female egg (ovum) and the male sperm come together in the uterus, and unite to form the embryo. This process is known as conception.

Fact on Infertility

Infertility affects 1 in 6 couples. Approximately 40% of infertility cases are caused by female factors, 40% are caused by male factors, and 20% are caused by a combination of both. The average chance of becoming pregnant each cycle is only 20%. It takes 5-6 month for the average fertility couple to conceive. More than 900,000 babies are conceived each day worldwide. Ovulation abnormalities and sperm deficiencies are responsible for two-third of infertility problems. Most women are about 30 percent less fertile in their late 30's than they were in their 20s, according to the National Women's Health Resource Centre. 1 in 4000 men in the general population have Y chromosome deletion that can contribute to infertility. 1 in 20 couples who experience infertility have chromosomal rearrangement. Conception rates for normal healthy couples are 20- 25% per menstrual cycle.

Is infertility just a woman's problem ?

No, infertility is not always a woman's problem. In only about one-third of cases is infertility due to the woman (female factors). In another one third of cases, infertility is due to the man (male factors). The remaining cases are caused by a mixture of male and female factors or by unknown factors.

What are the causes of infertility ?

The cause of infertility may be due to problems in the man, the woman, or both, Primary causes of infertility are sperm disorders (35% of couples), decreased ovarian reserve or ovulatory (20%), tubal dysfunction and pelvic lesions (30%), abnormal cervical mucus (5%) and unidentified factors (10%).

Female Infertility

Female infertility is mainly related to problems in ovulation, cervical mucus, pelvic and tubal factor and uterine factors.

  • Ovulatory problems : Decreased ovarian reserve ovulatory dysfunction.
  • Cervical factors : Inability of the sperm to pass through the mouth of the uterus due to damage of the cervix.
  • Pelvic and tubal factors : Disruption of the normal pelvic anatomy.
  • Uterine factors : Thin or abnormal uterine lining.

Male infertility

Male infertility is mainly related to sperm disorders. Research has shown that sperm count worldwide has dropped by 50 percent since count the 1940s.The reason is probably environment (food, water and air) pollution involving chemicals. Sperm disorder includes low sperm motility, poor sperm quality. Most cases of low sperm counts are unexplained.

What increases a man's risk of infertility ?

The number and quality of a man's sperm can be affected by his overall health and lifestyle. Some things that may reduce sperm number and / or quality include :

  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Health problems
  • Medicines
  • Radiation treatment and chemotherapy for cancer
  • Age

Some simple abnormalities may be improved by reducing stress, reducing heat to the genitals (eg. Avoidance of tight clothing, saunas or hot tubs), or by changing harmful lifestyle habits (avoiding tabacco, alcohol, or drugs such as marijuana) Short tem illnesses, significant stressful periods, and some medications may temporarily affect sperm count.

What things increase a woman's risk of infertility ?

Many things can affect a woman's ability to have a baby. These include

  • Age
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Athletic training
  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Tabacco smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Health problem that cause hormonal charges

Unexplained Infertility

Approximately 10% of infertile women suffer from unexplained infertility. This simply means that the commonly performed tests to diagnoses the cause of infertility are all normal and do not define the reason for infertility. Usually such problems due to :

  • Difficulty in picking up the egg by fallopian tube.
  • Failure of implantation of the embryo into the uterus.
  • Failure of the sperm to fertilize the egg when in contact with each other.

How woman and man can improve infertility ?

One can improve fertility and chances of conception by

  • Improving dietary habits
  • Improving lifestyle habits
  • Reducing stress
  • Treating cause of infertility

A balanced diet is essential for the body to function properly. Supplements help improve fertility. Lack of protein and calories from malnourishment is a cause of infertility, so adequate nutrition should be the basis for treatment of any illness, including infertility.